We encourage the practice of ethical archaeology in the discovery of the history of Huronia (northern Simcoe County) through archaeological research and discussion of the historic record and oral tradition. Please feel free to comment and or join and post on the blog. Blog contents do not necessarily reflect the opinion of the Ontario Archaeological Society or the Huronia chapter.
Greetings. I have been editing the new Latin letters from the Huron
Mission (1634- 1650) taken from L. Campeau's sj Monumenta Novae Franciae and a
new distance from St. Louis to St. Ignace II is recorded- 2 miles (2000 paces).
It puts the location between Newton and Gervais- looking at google maps there
is a plateau surrounded on three sides by different elevation about 1000 feet
due west of the end of Neilsen Road. Has this location been excavated? Steve
Catlin, archivist, Martyrs' Shrine.Top of Form
John Raynor Would this
interpretation also bring into question the distance between St Louis and St
Steve Ca thats the
distance I am talking about...or maybe I am misreading your post.. I think the
present st. ignace II is more than 3 miles away.
The document in question is in MNF 7, number 104. The original
manuscript in the Jesuit archives in Rome (ARSI) is Gal 109 I ff. 221- 227,
228- 232; second paragraph of second section (2). I checked a scan of the
original document and yes it does say 'two miles' and not two leagues (when I
was in Rome for the canonization of Catherine Tekakwitha, I obtained scanned
versions of Gal 109 I II III, Gal 110, and Gal 39 for the Shrine archives.
John Raynor Where does the 2000 paces
that you mentioned come into this interpretation?
Steve CaHi John, the term mile the comes from
millia/mille which is 1000 in latin and french. So a mile is generally 1000
paces (I think that is the origin of the term. And Bill, you can go to my
blogspot...catlinatthevatican.blogspot.ca and I was telephoned interview by CTV
NEWS so go to their website and search catlin Tekakwitha, it should be up.
There is also a youtube of Steve Catlin archivist canonization Rome where I
send greetings to the Shrine and Chimnissing Island. Thanks for your interest.
John RaynorIn my read of the JRs the undefined term league is used in
most all of the references to distance. The exception to this might be Bressani
who may have used the Italian mile as a distance reference on occasion. I had
always thought that the Italian mile was shorter than the French or British
mile but not as short as 1000 paces or about 1 km. So that would mean that we
need to use this shorter distance whenever we read Bressani's work. This would
make a substantial difference as to where we sure for sites where Bressani's
measurements are used - this would included St Ignace as he was involved in the
recovery of the bodies I believe from there and there return to Ste. Marie. I
am surprised that A E Jones didn't pick up on this as he was a linguist I
Steve Ca Yes I think the French
would use league (the general distance one walks in
an hour- ergo time), the latin documents would use mile, which is more
based on distance. The 1000 paces= 1 mile is more a common understanding of
the term millia.
John Raynor So how many of the
documents of the JRs were written in Latin vs French and what did they pertain
to. If the ones in Latin refer to distances I need to re read them with a
revised understanding. I think that it was only Bressani's work but I am not
Steve CaThe JR's are all in French, except the one in italian by
Bressani (1653- and I think he wrote an italian one for Father General in
1641), but the letters to Father General in Rome were in Latin (since he did
not read French). The JR's were for the French public to devour, the Gallias,
Franca, etc were private correspondences which were in latin and have only been
printed in Latin in Lucien Campeau's Monumenta Novae Franciae (which also has
French documents). There are nine volumes to this work, the last being
published post humously. I will be producing the Huron latin letters to the
General in Roma and his responses, within the next few months (translator Fr.
Bill Lonc sj et al) and the book will be called Latin Letters from the Huron
Mission (1634- 1650).
John Raynor So just to confirm, I need
to re read Bressani's work with a view to a 1,000 pace mile when he references
Steve Ca As a land distance, I would
agree. Also, I have read that Ragueneau did not spend much time at Ste. marie
but would go to all the mission villages to assist the priests and would spend
time with each Christian Wendat so he knew them personally. He travelled the
trails very frequently so would know the distances better than the donnes.
Steve Ca Sorry, it was in his letter
to Father General that he uses two miles, May 1st, 1649.
John Raynor Well you know where I am
going with this - but wasn't Bressani's work including his reference to
distances used in support of Ragueneau's writings re distance to St Ignace?
Steve Ca You have most of the info
at hand and are very versed, I can only go with what I am reading before me,
and I find the two miles shocking to say the least. Of course it may bring into
question the location of other villages but my interest at this time is
St. Ignace II. I wonder if the distance on between villages on the Bressani map
were then made with the two mile rule between St. Louis and Ignace II, if the
map were to scale.
John Raynor A E Jones uses the 3 mile
league to justify the location of the villages in question. We would agree that
Ragueneau probably used the 2.5 mile or 4 km French/Jesuit league. Bressani
then uses the 1,000 pace or 1 km mile and hence we might have an understanding
that St Ignace was only 2,000 paces from St Louis. The circle gets tighter and
tighter here particularly when it is indicated that Ste Marie, St Louis and St
Ignace were equal distances apart as one works east from Ste Marie. This would
draw St Louis far closer to Ste Marie than the Newton farm on the Hogg river.
2,000 paces would be well within sight of Ste Marie if the terrain was not too
John Raynor Good discussion Steve, we
will have to go for a walk in the spring - a shorter walk than the pilgrims do
you mind if I clean this up a bit and post it on the chapter blog - others may
wish to comment on it there.
is another confusing statement in the notes for vol XVII of the JRs -" 5
(p. 99).— Martin (Life of Jogues, app. A.) is correct in saying that there were
two missions bearing the name of St. Ignace. The one captured by the Iroquois
in 1649 was apparently
thus named but a short time before its destruction (Relation of 1648, chap.
ix.); it was not more than five miles from Ste. Marie-on-the-Wye." This
note would indicate that St Ignace 1 was only 5 miles from Ste Marie yet the
Rosemount Rd site of Ste Marie II is farther than that. St Ignace 1 is reported
to have moved closer to Ste Marie, not farther away when it was designated as
St Ignace II?
- the distance from Ste Marie to the site on the hill at the entrance to Port
is about 2,000 meters.
need to consider the trail route as well. Campeau says that some people
remained at the St. Ignace I site when it was attacked along with St. Joseph on
July 4th 1648, then some Christians moved to the St. Ignace II site in the fall
of 1648. I believe
that St. Ignace I was abandoned in the winter of 48- 49 while St. Ignace II
remained inhabited. the "Christian St. Ignace II" would be 5 miles
away from Ste. Marie while the St. Ignace I may have been further. no probs
with adding this info on the blog...My discussion of the location of St. Ignace
II is based on the location of St. Louis being accepted. If the distance of St.
Louis changes then that would change St. Ignace II as well.
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